The average household size is 2. The age distribution was The median age is 35 years. For every females, there are For every females age 18 and over, there are Out of the total population, Figures delineating the income levels based on race are not available at this time. According to the Modern Language Association , in The Portland metropolitan area has historically had a significant LGBT population throughout the late 20th and 21st century.
Latter Day Saints make up 2. Portland's location is beneficial for several industries. Relatively low energy cost, accessible resources, north—south and east—west Interstates, international air terminals, large marine shipping facilities, and both west coast intercontinental railroads are all economic advantages. The city's marine terminals alone handle over 13 million tons of cargo per year, and the port is home to one of the largest commercial dry docks in the country.
By the s, the steel industry became the city's number one industry for employment. The steel industry thrives in the region, with Schnitzer Steel Industries , a prominent steel company, shipping a record 1. Technology is a major component of the city's economy, with more than 1, technology companies existing within the metro. The Portland metro area has become a business cluster for athletic and footwear manufacturers. Portland-based Precision Castparts is one of two Fortune companies headquartered in Oregon, the other being Nike. In , home prices in Portland grew faster than in any other city in the United States.
Portland is home to a range of classical performing arts institutions, including the Portland Opera , the Oregon Symphony , and the Portland Youth Philharmonic ; the latter, established in , was the first youth orchestra established in the United States. In , the Guardian named the city's music scene as one of the "most vibrant" in the United States.
In the s, the city was home to a burgeoning punk scene, which included bands such as the Wipers and Dead Moon. A wide range of films have been shot in Portland, from various independent features to major big-budget productions see List of films shot in Oregon for a complete list.
Director Gus Van Sant has notably set and shot many of his films in the city. The series, which ran for eight seasons from to ,  was shot on location in Portland, and satirized the city as a hub of liberal politics, organic food, alternative lifestyles, and anti-establishment attitudes. An unusual feature of Portland entertainment is the large number of movie theaters serving beer, often with second-run or revival films.
Portland hosts the world's longest-running H. Lovecraft Film Festival  at the Hollywood Theatre. Portland is home to numerous museums and educational institutions, ranging from art museums to institutions devoted to science and wildlife.
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The Portland Art Museum owns the city's largest art collection and presents a variety of touring exhibitions each year and, with the recent addition of the Modern and Contemporary Art wing, it became one of the United States' 25 largest museums. Other museums include the Portland Children's Museum , a museum specifically geared for early childhood development; and the Oregon Historical Society Museum , founded in , which has a variety of books, film, pictures, artifacts, and maps dating back throughout Oregon's history.
It houses permanent and temporary exhibits about Oregon history, and hosts traveling exhibits about the history of the United States. Oaks Amusement Park , in the Sellwood district of Southeast Portland, is the city's only amusement park and is also one of the country's longest-running amusement parks. It has operated since and was known as the " Coney Island of the Northwest" upon its opening.
Portland has been named the best city in the world for street food by several publications and news outlets, including the U. Portland hosts a number of festivals throughout the year that celebrate beer and brewing, including the Oregon Brewers Festival , held in Tom McCall Waterfront Park. Held each summer during the last full weekend of July, it is the largest outdoor craft beer festival in North America, with over 70, attendees in Portland is often awarded "Greenest City in America" and similar designations.
Popular Science awarded Portland the title of the Greenest City in America in ,  and Grist magazine listed it in as the second greenest city in the world. The city has been often rumored to receive an additional franchise, although efforts to acquire a team have failed due to stadium funding issues. Portland sports fans are characterized by their passionate support.
The Trail Blazers sold out every home game between and , a span of consecutive games, the second-longest streak in American sports history. Two rival universities exist within Portland city limits: the University of Portland Pilots and the Portland State University Vikings , both of whom field teams in popular spectator sports including soccer, baseball, and basketball.
Portland State also has a football team. Additionally, the University of Oregon Ducks and the Oregon State University Beavers both receive substantial attention and support from many Portland residents, despite their campuses being and 84 miles from the city, respectively. Running is a popular activity in Portland, and every year the city hosts the Portland Marathon as well as parts of the Hood to Coast Relay , the world's largest long-distance relay race by number of participants.
Portland serves as the center to an elite running group, the Nike Oregon Project , and is the residence of several elite runners including British Olympic 10,m and 5,m champion Mo Farah , American record holder at 10,m Galen Rupp , and American Olympic bronze medalist at 10,m Shalane Flanagan.
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Portland also hosts numerous cycling events and has become an elite bicycle racing destination. Weekly events at Alpenrose Velodrome and Portland International Raceway allow for racing nearly every night of the week from March through September. Cyclocross races, such as the Cross Crusade , can attract over 1, riders and spectators. In , voters in the Portland metropolitan region passed a regional bond measure to acquire valuable natural areas for fish, wildlife, and people.
Portland is one of only four cities in the U. Mount Tabor Park is known for its scenic views and historic reservoirs. Portland's downtown features two groups of contiguous city blocks dedicated for park space: the North and South Park Blocks. Portland's city park system has been proclaimed one of the best in America. In its ParkScore ranking, the Trust for Public Land reported Portland had the seventh best park system among the 50 most populous U.
The city of Portland is governed by the Portland City Council, which includes the Mayor, four Commissioners, and an auditor. Each is elected citywide to serve a four-year term. The auditor provides checks and balances in the commission form of government and accountability for the use of public resources.
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In addition, the auditor provides access to information and reports on various matters of city government. Portland is the only large city left in the United States with the commission form of government. Each neighborhood is represented by a volunteer-based neighborhood association which serves as a liaison between residents of the neighborhood and the city government.
The city provides funding to neighborhood associations through seven district coalitions, each of which is a geographical grouping of several neighborhood associations. Most but not all neighborhood associations belong to one of these district coalitions. Portland and its surrounding metropolitan area are served by Metro , the United States' only directly elected metropolitan planning organization. Metro's charter gives it responsibility for land use and transportation planning , solid waste management , and map development. The Multnomah County government provides many services to the Portland area, as do Washington and Clackamas counties to the west and south.
Law enforcement is provided by the Portland Police Bureau. Portland is a territorial charter city , and strongly favors the Democratic Party. All city offices are non-partisan. Portland's delegation to the Oregon Legislative Assembly is entirely Democratic. Portland is split among three U.
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Most of the city is in the 3rd District , represented by Earl Blumenauer , who served on the city council from until his election to Congress in Most of the city west of the Willamette River is part of the 1st District , represented by Suzanne Bonamici. A small portion of southwestern Portland is in the 5th District , represented by Kurt Schrader. All three are Democrats; a Republican has not represented a significant portion of Portland in the U. House of Representatives since In the presidential election , Democratic candidate Barack Obama easily carried Portland, winning , votes from city residents to 50, for his Republican rival, John McCain.
In the presidential election , Democratic candidate Barack Obama again easily carried Portland, winning , votes from Multnomah county residents to 70, for his Republican rival, Mitt Romney. Sam Adams , the former mayor of Portland, became the city's first openly gay mayor in The measure passed with Multnomah County is one of two counties where a majority voted against the initiative; the other is Benton County , which includes Corvallis , home of Oregon State University.
The city consulted with urban planners as far back as , resulting in the development of Washington Park and the Mile Loop greenway, which interconnects many of the city's parks. The opposite extreme, a city with few or no controls, is typically illustrated by Houston. Portland's urban growth boundary, adopted in , separates urban areas where high-density development is encouraged and focused from traditional farm land where restrictions on non-agricultural development are very strict. The original state rules included a provision for expanding urban growth boundaries, but critics felt this wasn't being accomplished.
In , the State passed a law requiring cities to expand UGBs to provide enough undeveloped land for a year supply of future housing at projected growth levels. Oregon's " urban growth boundary " law limits the boundaries for large-scale development in each metropolitan area in Oregon. Prosper Portland formerly Portland Development Commission is a semi-public agency that plays a major role in downtown development; city voters created it in to serve as the city's urban renewal agency. It provides housing and economic development programs within the city, and works behind the scenes with major local developers to create large projects.
In the early s, the Portland Development Commission led the razing of a large Italian-Jewish neighborhood downtown, bounded roughly by I, the Willamette River, 4th Avenue and Market street. The effort has had dramatic effects in the 30 years since, with many thousands of new housing units clustered in three areas: north of Portland State University between I, SW Broadway, and SW Taylor St. Historically, environmental consciousness has weighed significantly in the city's planning and development efforts. The institute works on urban park, trail, and natural areas planning issues, both at the local and regional levels.
As of , Portland was the largest city in the United States that did not add fluoride to its public water supply,  and fluoridation has historically been a subject of controversy in the city. Fluoridation opponents forced a public vote on the issue,  and on May 21, , city voters again rejected fluoridation.
Henry ,  specifically found that full nudity and lap dances in strip clubs are protected speech. In November , a Multnomah County judge dismissed charges against a nude bicyclist arrested on June 26, The judge stated that the city's annual World Naked Bike Ride —held each year in June since —has created a "well-established tradition" in Portland where cyclists may ride naked as a form of protest against cars and fossil fuel dependence.
A state law prohibiting publicly insulting a person in a way likely to provoke a violent response was tested in Portland and struck down unanimously by the State Supreme Court as violating protected free speech and being overly broad. In October , Forbes magazine rated Portland as the third safest city in America.
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In , the population within the city of Portland was , and there were 24 murders and 3, violent crimes. Below is a sortable table containing violent crime data from each Portland neighborhood during the calendar year of Nine public school districts and many private schools serve Portland. Portland Public Schools is the largest school district, operating 85 public schools. Established in , Lincoln High School formerly Portland High School is the city's oldest public education institution, and is one of two of the oldest high schools west of the Mississippi River after San Francisco's Lowell High School.
Former public schools in the city included Washington High School , which operated from until , as well as Adams and Jackson , which also closed the same year. The city and surrounding metropolitan area is also home to a large number of Roman Catholic -affiliated private schools, including St. Portland State University has the second-largest enrollment rate of any university in the state after Oregon State University , with a student body of nearly 30, The Oregonian is the only daily general-interest newspaper serving Portland.
It also circulates throughout the state and in Clark County, Washington. Smaller local newspapers, distributed free of charge in newspaper boxes and at venues around the city, include the Portland Tribune general-interest paper published on Tuesdays and Thursdays , Willamette Week general-interest alternative weekly published on Wednesdays , The Portland Mercury another alt-weekly, targeted at younger urban readers published every other Thursdays , The Asian Reporter a weekly covering Asian news, both international and local and The Skanner a weekly African-American newspaper covering both local and national news.
Portland Indymedia is one of the oldest and largest Independent Media Centers.